Exemplified by the rise of more restrictive views on abortion (accompanied by its illegalization), the 30’s were period of increasingly conservative values and a more rigid family structure for Soviet Russians (“Abolition of Legal Abortion”). This rigidity could also be observed in the way “the first soviet generation” was raised, with 1930’s soviet children simultaneously having a strict lifestyle and one that provided benefits that “forged their socialist conscious” (“Childhood under Stalin”). What is interesting about this conservative shift in familial structure and expectations is the possible contribution it may have made to the events to occur in the 1930’s, whether it is relating to the violence of the purges or the industriousness put toward the construction of Moscow (“Rebuilding of Moscow”).
In terms of political consequences, the way soviet children were raised “deepened party loyalty” and encouraged a lifestyle more conducive to Russia’s success than to individual pleasure (“Childhood under Stalin”). In other words, this 1930’s era saw Russia losing a bit of its revolutionary edge through the education of the first soviet generation, possibly allowing for a greater likelihood for the purges to be carried out with more opposition. Instilling a more conformist society may not have had great political consequences, but it did result in large economic improvements with regards to infrastructure (whether or not it was evenly distributed throughout Russia). The Soviet people made great strides in building up Moscow as a Stalin’s “beacon” for socialism (“Rebuilding of Moscow”). In terms of the illegalization of abortion and its consequences, the amount of children born actually did increase substantially in what one might consider a sort of Russian baby boomer generation (although with a less substantial increase) (“Abolition of Legal Abortion”). This shows the increasing role that family and familial structure had in reinforcing the economic goals of the State.
Overall, the picture of a family under Stalin in the 1930’s was likely to drift quite a bit from the 1920’s and the revolutionary attitude that defined the period. For adults, this increased rigidity was reinforced through fear, violence, and de jure restrictions; whereas soviet children were regulated through strict education and high expectations.